What is ACL Tear?
ACL or Anterior Cruciate Ligament tear is a common knee injury. Most athletes playing high impact sports like: Football, Cricket, Hockey, Kabbadi, Basketball etc., are prone to injure their Anterior Cruciate Ligament because of the overstretching of the ACL.
The knee joint is a complex structure of bones, ligaments, tendons and other tissues working together. Ligaments, being strong bands of tissue, connect one bone to another and the ACL is one of the two ligaments crossing in the middle of the knee connecting your thighbone (femur) to your shinbone (tibia). It is the knee joint’s internal stabilizer.
Its main function is to prevent Hyperextension, state where the angle between the body parts or joints is really high. ACL also has a secondary function to restrain tibial rotation and varus/valgus stress.
Anterior Circulate Ligament Tear
Anterior Circulate Ligament Tears or injuries usually occur during sports or fitness activities, when the following happens:
The patient will have the following symptoms:
If you experience any of the above symptoms while playing or exercising, then:
Diagnosis And Treatment
In a physical examination, the doctor will check the injured knee for swelling and tenderness, comparing it with the uninjured one. The injured ligament will be subjected to clinical test and integrity will be assessed, and overall function of the knee will be tested.
The following tests will help in confirming the diagnosis:
Some measures to be taken to prevent ACL tears are: